Use of the first person is generally acceptable. The running head is a short title that appears at the top of pages of published articles. End on a positive note by reminding your reader why your study was important and what it added to the literature.
Use a sans serif font, such as Helvetica, for any text within your figure. What do the results say about the broader behavior under investigation. DO NOT quote from the articles, instead paraphrase by putting the information in your own words.
In other words, what nuisance variable were you controlling for. Write a brief paragraph which summarizes the results of your experiment or study. If so, how can you rearrange things to avoid redundancy.
The reference for the Milgram article but not the Snow reference should then appear in the reference list at the end of your paper.
Next, decide which ideas make sense to present first, second, third, and so forth, and think about how you want to transition between ideas.
A discussion section is like the reverse of the introduction, in that you begin with the specifics and work toward the more general funnel out. University of Toronto; Sauaia, A. Did you repeat yourself anywhere.
Bibliography Definition The purpose of the discussion is to interpret and describe the significance of your findings in light of what was already known about the research problem being investigated, and to explain any new understanding or insights about the problem after you've taken the findings into consideration.
Provide a sample item or two for your reader. Note that in some studies e. In other words, what nuisance variable were you controlling for. What additional questions were generated from this study. A good introduction will summarize, integrate, and critically evaluate the empirical knowledge in the relevant area s in a way that sets the stage for your study and why you conducted it.
When including the citation as part of the sentence, use AND: Following the presentation of all the statistics and numbers, be sure to state the nature of your finding s in words and whether or not they support your hypothesis e. Procedure labeled, flush left, bold What did participants do, and in what order.
This can be followed by any recommendations for further research.
If you are quoting directly which you should avoidyou also need to include the page number. Try to draw your reader in by saying something interesting or thought-provoking right off the bat.
Therefore, you should assume they have a basic understanding of psychology, but you need to provide them with the complete information necessary for them to understand the research you are presenting. The discussion section should end with a concise summary of the principal implications of the findings regardless of significance.
The introduction will end with a brief overview of your study and, finally, your specific hypotheses. Your goal is to describe the details of your study in such a way that another researcher could duplicate your methods exactly. This information can typically be presented in a sentence or two following the numbers within the same paragraph.
See if you can use articles you liked as a model. Also, be sure to include the relevant means and SDs. Here are some guidelines for constructing a good introduction: If your data analyses were complex, feel free to break this section down into labeled subsections, perhaps one section for each hypothesis.
You should frame your suggestions by linking the need for further research to the limitations of your study [e. However, for p-values less than. Abstract labeled, centered, not bold No more than words, one paragraph, block format i.
Try to organize it in terms of the ideas rather than who did what when. Do not use overly technical language or include specifics in this section. You should use the following formats: However, if your findings raise a lot of new questions or issues, consider including suggestions for further research in the discussion section.
Sample APA Paper 2 Abstract The Abstract is a one paragraph summary of the report. Write in block style (the first line is not indented) and use words or less. An APA-style paper includes the following sections: title page, abstract, introduction, method, results, discussion, and references.
Your paper may also include one or more tables and/or figures. Recommendations for further research can be included in either the discussion or conclusion of your paper, but do not repeat your recommendations in the both sections. Think about the overall narrative flow of your paper to determine where best to locate this information.
How to Write an APA Style Research Paper PDF Version. An APA-style paper includes the following sections: title page, abstract, introduction, method, results, discussion, and references.
Your paper may also include one or more tables and/or figures. American Psychological Association style is the format of choice for writers of scientific research papers.
Typically, APA-style papers are broken down into a standardized set of sections, allowing readers to easily understand and. research on the effects of food deprivation (Green et al., ; Green et al., ).
However, participants in the hour deprivation group spent significantly less time on the perseverance task than those in both the control and hour deprivation groups, suggesting that short-term deprivation may affect some aspects of cognition and not .Write discussion apa research paper